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Clonar Esquema Base de Datos Postgresql

publicado a la‎(s)‎ 10 oct. 2017 7:51 por Juan Jose Ramirez Lama   [ actualizado el 11 oct. 2017 14:18 ]

Clonar solo esquema y tablas

La siguiente función toma un esquema y crea uno nuevo con todas las tablas e indices.
CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION clone_schema(source_schema text, dest_schema text) RETURNS void AS
$BODY$
DECLARE 
  objeto text;
  buffer text;
BEGIN
    EXECUTE 'CREATE SCHEMA ' || dest_schema ;
 
    FOR objeto IN
        SELECT TABLE_NAME::text FROM information_schema.TABLES WHERE table_schema = source_schema
    LOOP        
        buffer := dest_schema || '.' || objeto;
        EXECUTE 'CREATE TABLE ' || buffer || ' (LIKE ' || source_schema || '.' || objeto || ' INCLUDING CONSTRAINTS INCLUDING INDEXES INCLUDING DEFAULTS)';
        EXECUTE 'INSERT INTO ' || buffer || '(SELECT * FROM ' || source_schema || '.' || objeto || ')';
    END LOOP;
 
END;
$BODY$
LANGUAGE plpgsql VOLATILE;
La ejecución es la siguiente:
SELECT clone_schema('old_schema','new_schema');

Clonar todo el contenido

El siguiente código posee toda la implementación para clonar el esquema al 100%.
-- Function: clone_schema(text, text)

-- DROP FUNCTION clone_schema(text, text);

CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION clone_schema_full(
    source_schema text,
    dest_schema text,
    include_recs boolean)
  RETURNS void AS
$BODY$

--  This function will clone all sequences, tables, data, views & functions from any existing schema to a new one
-- SAMPLE CALL:
-- SELECT clone_schema('public', 'new_schema', TRUE);

DECLARE
  src_oid          oid;
  tbl_oid          oid;
  func_oid         oid;
  object           text;
  buffer           text;
  srctbl           text;
  default_         text;
  column_          text;
  qry              text;
  dest_qry         text;
  v_def            text;
  seqval           bigint;
  sq_last_value    bigint;
  sq_max_value     bigint;
  sq_start_value   bigint;
  sq_increment_by  bigint;
  sq_min_value     bigint;
  sq_cache_value   bigint;
  sq_log_cnt       bigint;
  sq_is_called     boolean;
  sq_is_cycled     boolean;
  sq_cycled        char(10);

BEGIN

-- Check that source_schema exists
  SELECT oid INTO src_oid
    FROM pg_namespace
   WHERE nspname = quote_ident(source_schema);
  IF NOT FOUND
    THEN 
    RAISE NOTICE 'source schema % does not exist!', source_schema;
    RETURN ;
  END IF;

  -- Check that dest_schema does not yet exist
  PERFORM nspname 
    FROM pg_namespace
   WHERE nspname = quote_ident(dest_schema);
  IF FOUND
    THEN 
    RAISE NOTICE 'dest schema % already exists!', dest_schema;
    RETURN ;
  END IF;

  EXECUTE 'CREATE SCHEMA ' || quote_ident(dest_schema) ;

  -- Create sequences
  -- TODO: Find a way to make this sequence's owner is the correct table.
  FOR object IN
    SELECT sequence_name::text 
      FROM information_schema.sequences
     WHERE sequence_schema = quote_ident(source_schema)
  LOOP
    EXECUTE 'CREATE SEQUENCE ' || quote_ident(dest_schema) || '.' || quote_ident(object);
    srctbl := quote_ident(source_schema) || '.' || quote_ident(object);

    EXECUTE 'SELECT last_value, max_value, start_value, increment_by, min_value, cache_value, log_cnt, is_cycled, is_called 
              FROM ' || quote_ident(source_schema) || '.' || quote_ident(object) || ';' 
              INTO sq_last_value, sq_max_value, sq_start_value, sq_increment_by, sq_min_value, sq_cache_value, sq_log_cnt, sq_is_cycled, sq_is_called ; 

    IF sq_is_cycled 
      THEN 
        sq_cycled := 'CYCLE';
    ELSE
        sq_cycled := 'NO CYCLE';
    END IF;

    EXECUTE 'ALTER SEQUENCE '   || quote_ident(dest_schema) || '.' || quote_ident(object) 
            || ' INCREMENT BY ' || sq_increment_by
            || ' MINVALUE '     || sq_min_value 
            || ' MAXVALUE '     || sq_max_value
            || ' START WITH '   || sq_start_value
            || ' RESTART '      || sq_min_value 
            || ' CACHE '        || sq_cache_value 
            || sq_cycled || ' ;' ;

    buffer := quote_ident(dest_schema) || '.' || quote_ident(object);
    IF include_recs 
        THEN
            EXECUTE 'SELECT setval( ''' || buffer || ''', ' || sq_last_value || ', ' || sq_is_called || ');' ; 
    ELSE
            EXECUTE 'SELECT setval( ''' || buffer || ''', ' || sq_start_value || ', ' || sq_is_called || ');' ;
    END IF;

  END LOOP;

-- Create tables 
  FOR object IN
    SELECT TABLE_NAME::text 
      FROM information_schema.tables 
     WHERE table_schema = quote_ident(source_schema)
       AND table_type = 'BASE TABLE'

  LOOP
    buffer := dest_schema || '.' || quote_ident(object);
    EXECUTE 'CREATE TABLE ' || buffer || ' (LIKE ' || quote_ident(source_schema) || '.' || quote_ident(object) 
        || ' INCLUDING ALL)';

    IF include_recs 
      THEN 
      -- Insert records from source table
      EXECUTE 'INSERT INTO ' || buffer || ' SELECT * FROM ' || quote_ident(source_schema) || '.' || quote_ident(object) || ';';
    END IF;
 
    FOR column_, default_ IN
      SELECT column_name::text, 
             REPLACE(column_default::text, source_schema, dest_schema) 
        FROM information_schema.COLUMNS 
       WHERE table_schema = dest_schema 
         AND TABLE_NAME = object 
         AND column_default LIKE 'nextval(%' || quote_ident(source_schema) || '%::regclass)'
    LOOP
      EXECUTE 'ALTER TABLE ' || buffer || ' ALTER COLUMN ' || column_ || ' SET DEFAULT ' || default_;
    END LOOP;

  END LOOP;

--  add FK constraint
  FOR qry IN
    SELECT 'ALTER TABLE ' || quote_ident(dest_schema) || '.' || quote_ident(rn.relname) 
                          || ' ADD CONSTRAINT ' || quote_ident(ct.conname) || ' ' || pg_get_constraintdef(ct.oid) || ';'
      FROM pg_constraint ct
      JOIN pg_class rn ON rn.oid = ct.conrelid
     WHERE connamespace = src_oid
       AND rn.relkind = 'r'
       AND ct.contype = 'f'
         
    LOOP
      EXECUTE qry;

    END LOOP;


-- Create views 
  FOR object IN
    SELECT table_name::text,
           view_definition 
      FROM information_schema.views
     WHERE table_schema = quote_ident(source_schema)

  LOOP
    buffer := dest_schema || '.' || quote_ident(object);
    SELECT view_definition INTO v_def
      FROM information_schema.views
     WHERE table_schema = quote_ident(source_schema)
       AND table_name = quote_ident(object);
     
    EXECUTE 'CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW ' || buffer || ' AS ' || v_def || ';' ;

  END LOOP;

-- Create functions 
  FOR func_oid IN
    SELECT oid
      FROM pg_proc 
     WHERE pronamespace = src_oid

  LOOP      
    SELECT pg_get_functiondef(func_oid) INTO qry;
    SELECT replace(qry, source_schema, dest_schema) INTO dest_qry;
    EXECUTE dest_qry;

  END LOOP;
  
  RETURN; 
 
END;
 
$BODY$
  LANGUAGE plpgsql VOLATILE
  COST 100;
ALTER FUNCTION clone_schema_full(text, text, boolean)
  OWNER TO pi;
el uso es como sigue:
select clone_schema_full('old_schema', 'new_schema', boolean);
donde boolean es TRUE si quieres que se clone todo, incluido el contenido, o FALSE si quieres que no copie el contenido.
ċ
clone_schema.sql
(6k)
Juan Jose Ramirez Lama,
10 oct. 2017 8:34
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